If you are reading this article, then you probably love Parma as much as I do and are willing to do your part to make it even better. Sadly, the COVID-19 pandemic has put a damper on 2020. In fact, normally I would be devoting much of my time recently to planning the Parma Run-Walk for Pierogies. It was very saddening to have to cancel this fun summer event. However, I have diverted the time I typically spend on the Run-Walk to a new, exciting project for Parma.
COME JOIN KOINONIA!
Nothing is quite the same these days. That includes the City of Parma’s annual Christmas in July Food Drive, which will be an online campaign this year from July 1 through July 31 to benefit the Parma Hunger Center. Why the change? A large quantity of food donated is collected during the Independence Day Parade, but this summer due to COVID-19, the July 4 parade was canceled. Several of the locations, such as the Donna Smallwood Activities Center that accept residents’ food donations, have not reopened. Also, many hunger center volunteers, many who are senior citizens, find it easier and healthier to handle food donations purchased through the Greater Cleveland Food Bank.
We all know that small businesses are the foundation of economic vitality in our communities and critical to our state’s financial success. Last week, I was honored to receive the Small Business Advocate of the Year Award from the Greater Cleveland Partnership (GCP) and the Council of Smaller Enterprises (COSE). Along with Lt. Governor John Husted, we received the award that honors elected officials whose initiatives have promoted the success of small businesses. This year, I was selected for the award due to my work on Senate Bill 11, the Ohio Fairness Act.
Recently, Fr. John Carlin, Pastor of my Parish, St. Charles Borromeo, informed me that our summer carnival was being canceled due to the pandemic. In fact, the only other time the carnival has been canceled since 1932 was during World War II! Although this is sad news for our Parish and the community at-large, it was the right thing to do to keep people safe. The St. Charles carnival is one of Parma’s premier family events and raises needed funds for the Parish. As a result, the carnival raffle will continue this summer.
Free books for children from birth to age 5 are available in our community from The Literacy Cooperative and the Ohio Governor’s Imagination Library! Did you know that “the single most important factor influencing a child’s early educational success is an introduction to books and being read to at home before starting school”? (National Commission on Reading). As a parent or caregiver, snuggling up and reading daily with your child is one of the most important actions you can take to help set them up for future success.
When I first joined Parma City Council, one of my goals was to create a city of Parma scholarship to assist our young residents with college costs. Those of you who read this column regularly know my story. My single mother simply could not afford to assist me financially with college costs. So, I had to work – often two jobs – and apply for scholarships so that I could attend. I knew that attending college would go a long way in pulling myself up the socioeconomic ladder. With the help of, then mayor, Dean DePiero and Law Director Tim Dobeck, we created the Andrew Boyko Memorial Scholarship Foundation.
Parma is a community of small businesses. These small businesses are the life blood and backbone of our community. Polish Village Parma, Inc., is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization, staffed by volunteers and dedicated to the 9/10 of a mile commercial district, on Ridge Rd., called Polish Village. This nonprofit has been increasing made aware of the devastation the last few months have done to the small business community. The nonprofits mission is the ongoing development of the community by uniting residents, businesses and the government with plans that focus on the long term economic viability of the area.
So how do you stimulate the local small business economy? Cash Mob!!!!! So how do you reward the consumer? With lots of prizes!!!!!! Small Business Cash Mob with a twist is the brainchild of Polish Village’s nonprofit organization Polish Village Parma, Inc. For every $10 spent at a participating small local business you’ll receive a ticket for entry in several drawings which will occur over a three month long period. Lots of prizes, lots of chances to win. Drawings monthly! Participating businesses will be along the stretch of Ridge Rd from Pearl & Ridge to Thornton, and on Pearl Rd from Pearl & Ridge to Snow Rd. These businesses are located in Parma’s Ward 2, home of Polish Village. Look for the promotional signs that will be coming real soon!
Prama Artspace Gallery, located at 5411 Pearl Rd., is excited to finally reopen. The opening exhibit is titled Visual Hallucinations and features the works of three artists, Samantha Ann of Intention Studio, Jennifer Gleason of JAG Artistry and Shawn Slowburn. Masks are required, and capacity is limited to five (5) people at a time. The gallery is open Monday, Wednesday, Saturday and Sundays, from 2 to 7 P.M. Scheduled private appointments are also available. Surreal digital photography and mixed media. This exhibit runs through July 19th. Come and let your mind wander.
O From the Greater Cleveland Collaborative to End Human Trafficking….
>> Go here for a copy of “A Parent Guide to online Sexual Exploitation and Human Trafficking During COVID-19”. Some good stuff here especially near the end of the piece.
>> From ECPAT-USA: Go here for Online Safety Guides for Youth and Adults
O The Office on Trafficking in Persons and the National Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance Center are offering a free 1.5-hour virtual SOAR to Health and Wellness training, which teaches providers how to identify and respond to human trafficking. Interested participants can register for one of the trainings below:
Wednesday, August 19, 1 p.m. - 2:30 p.m.
O From Cleveland Foundation COVID-19 Rapid Response Fund…. Announced its 9th round of grants to to support the Greater Cleveland nonprofit community totaling $928,000 to 18 organizations & groups serving Cuyahoga, Lake & Geauga counties. I’m pleased to see that this time there are several organizations that are recipients of this email & provide services to our area. If you’re a nonprofit incurring costs related to the COVID-19 crises response email firstname.lastname@example.org to learn more about the streamlined funding process & how you might qualify. Learn more here.
O From UH/Parma Medical Center…. Announced that they are once again participating in the Kids Summer Food Program. Starting June 4 through August 21, from 11 am to Noon, Monday thru Friday, children ages 1 – 18 are eligible to receive a free healthy bag lunch. Pick-up takes place at the drive through before you reach the main entrance.
O From OCALI (Ohio Center for Autism & Low Incidence - https://www.ocali.org/ ):
>> Some items of interest picked up from their monthly newsletter:
> Resources related to their Diversity, Equity & Inclusion statement:
Systemic Racism Explained via ACT.TV
Black Deaf Culture Through the Lens of Black Deaf History
They Work For Us: A Self-Advocate’s Guide to Getting Through to your Elected Officials (Plain Language Edition)
> Just two of a number of professional development opportunities for people with disabilities and those supporting them—families, educators, caregivers, service providers, and others:
Promoting Access for People Who are Deaf, Hard of Hearing, Blind, or Visually Impaired. Try “The Center for the Young Child’s” new suite of resources
>> And for resources/support of all kinds go here: https://www.ocali.org/project/stay-safe-strong-and-supported
O From Aspire Greater Cleveland….They’ve been successful at adapting to the new normal & have implemented an online learning program featuring online classes, one-on-one tutoring & distance education work programs. Current offerings include: GED/HSE Test Prep, ESOL Classes, Citixeenship Test Prep & Basis Reading classes for non-reading or low-level reading adults. Call 1.833.ASPIRE2 (1.833.277.4732) or you can complete a registration form at https://tinyurl.com/AGCorientation .
Cox Communications and Cox Automotive are working together to help feed families in Ohio through local food pantries with a $25,000 donation to the Greater Cleveland Food Bank from The James M. Cox Foundation. The grant will support local families in need during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Two downpours since March 29 have frayed the nerves of Parma residents and frustrated city leaders as they deal with the ongoing dilemma of regional flooding. “Fixing a city’s infrastructure requires research and money. Flooding is a complex regional issue because all the municipal sewer systems are interconnected, which means a problem in one city contributes to issues in another community. We have been working with Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District (NEORSD) and West Creek Conservancy to find solutions,” said Parma Mayor Tim DeGeeter.
Randy Hayne, 68, meticulously packs and then folds the tops of 30 brown paper lunch bags in the nearly empty dining hall of the Donna Smallwood Activities Center, located behind Parma City Hall. Retired from his Borden Dairy supervisor job one year ago, the Parma resident started working at the Smallwood Center in January, pre-COVID and before it shuttered in early March. The West Ridgewood Drive multipurpose center, which serves Parma area seniors, closed before the governor’s directive, a proactive move to protect its vulnerable 6,000 members. Two other workers, whose faces are partially hidden with face masks, physically distance themselves as they pack lunches with gloved hands. In the kitchen, three staff members fill and then seal food trays for hot meal deliveries. After all the meals are packaged, half the staff members stay to clean the kitchen, while the other three leave to deliver meals.
In March when Gov. Mike DeWine was telling Ohioans to stay home, the deadline to submit city income taxes was extended to July 15. With the warmer weather, restaurants and retail reopening, and some activities resuming, it's easy to forget that taxes are due if they were not filed by the initial deadline this past April. As a safety measure to prevent people from congregating and waiting in long lines, the Parma Tax Department will continue to help residents prepare city taxes via mail. A resident can mail a tax return to: Parma Tax Department, 6611 Ridge Road, Parma, Ohio 44129. A W-2, along with other information needed to prepare city taxes, should be included in the envelope. The Tax Department will then mail the completed tax return back to the resident and will indicate if any further action is required.
With school buildings closed, activities canceled and distance learning in place over these last few months, many local families are concerned about skill regression and are seeking academic, social and/or emotional support for their child this summer.
O From Cleveland Rape Crisis Center:
>> It’s now offering their extensive list of prevention/education programs to schools, student groups & community members via CRCC Virtual Classrooms. Platforms include, but are not limited to: Zoom, MS Teams, Google Hangouts, Google Meet, Go To, etc. Go here https://clevelandrapecrisis.org/prevention-education/request-an-education-program/ to view programs offered & to complete the online presentation request form.
>> For assistance and/or to make an appointment for any service, contact the hotline 24/7: Call or Text (216) 619-6192 or (440) 423-2020, or chat online at www.clevelandrapecrisis.org/chat
O From All Faiths Pantry….Considered an essential service, AFP continues to respond to the increased need for home delivery of groceries to low-income seniors and those with mobility challenges. Requests for services have increased significantly and additional volunteers are needed to expedite deliveries. Call 216.496.4329 or go to www.allfaithspantry.org to learn more about the program & how you can help.
O From OCALI (Ohio Center for Autism & Low Incidence - https://www.ocali.org/ ):
>> For parents as well as professionals, visit their web site where you’ll find a whole host of resources addressing issues related to working w/youth on the autistic spectrum and for folks who are deaf, hard of hearing, blind or visually impaired.
>> HIGHLY RECOMMENDED….Click on the “#HearToHelp” link on the home page, scroll down to the “Connected” section & click on the “Inspiring Change Podcast”. Here you can listen to any one of, currently, 10 episodes of folks sharing their experiences during this lockdown period. Number 10, in particular, was fascinating to listen to.
O From Ibn Sina Free Clinic (6055 W. 130th St, Parma; http://clevelandibnsina.com )....If you’re not already aware, ISFC is now set up to handle virtual appointments “…so patients can continue to see their physicians, get medications refilled, obtain referrals & get any sort of pharmacist assistance they may need.” To schedule an appointment call 440.644.0511.
Operation Happy Pups is the story of a little guy on a big mission. Lucas Woronischtsche’s story begins in October of 2018. To a 4 year old, Halloween is a very special time. It’s magical. You get to choose a costume, dressed up as whatever you want to be. It can be the latest super hero from the comics, or something funny, like a clown, or whatever you want to be when you grow up. Lucas chose his policeman costume with care.
Prama Artspace & Gallery, 5411 Pearl Road, will be reopening on June 1, 2020 with new hours. For dates and times check their website for details, at www.pramaartspace.com. Visual Hallucinations, the next exhibit, with open on June 26, 2020, featuring the works of Samantha Vickers of Intentions Studio, Jennifer Gleason and Shawn Sloburn. For details check the web page or follow Prama on Facebook. Prama also has a small boutique with unique numerous items at a reasonable cost. They have an assortment of face masks available in many patterns. During this health crisis, health and safety protocols are in place for your convenience.
CLEVELAND IBN SINA CLINIC - Located in the great city of Parma, Cleveland Ibn Sina Clinic is proud to announce its new telemedicine program that will allow physicians to continue to see patients in the comfort and safety of their homes. Through avirtual set-up, patients can maintain communication with their physicians, obtain medication refills, and receive public health education, including information on how to deal with anxiety and stress during this pandemic. We have expanded our clinical pulmonary services to address the additional burden of respiratory symptoms in our fight against COVID-19. We also offer appointments for an expansive network of physicians in the fields of endocrinology, cardiology, internal medicine, allergy/immunology, behavioral health, and more.
Sadly, many folks have lost their jobs or their hours have been reduced due to the pandemic. So, I thought I would provide some money-saving suggestions in this month’s column. In fact, these tips can help anyone save money, including those on a fixed income. I should begin with a disclaimer that everyone has their own unique needs, wants, acceptable levels of risk, etc., therefore, the suggestions below might not be right for everyone.
Hundreds of Ohioans every year are diagnosed with brain cancer and, for the vast majority of brain cancer patients, this disease is unfortunately a death sentence. Few that are diagnosed with a glioblastoma brain tumor survive beyond 16 months and the survival rate after five years is even more grim—only 5% live to see the five-year anniversary of their diagnosis. We can and must do more to fight back against this terrible disease. This is the reason why I support “Going Gray in May” to support Brain Cancer Awareness Month and this is why last year I proposed formally recognizing the month of May as Brain Cancer Awareness Month in Ohio with House Bill 230.
COLUMBUS- - Last month, I hosted a virtual town hall to provide Covid-19 updates to her constituents. We was joined by Cuyahoga County Board of Health Commissioner Terry Allan and state Representatives Bride Rose Sweeney (D-Cleveland), Jeff Crossman (D-Parma), and Michael Skindell (D-Lakewood).
In early March, Parma Mayor Tim DeGeeter and city council members were looking at a balanced budget for 2020. Then COVID-19 hit. Most state governors took drastic measures. When Gov. Mike DeWine gave the Stay-at-Home order, forcing many businesses to close, the balanced budget was not immune to the economic impact. “It’s all based on projections,” said Parma Treasurer Tom Mastroianni. “The closures are going to impact the city. Cities mostly rely on income tax. Our projected income will be down $5.5 million, of which $4 million is collected from income taxes.” The other $1.5 million comes from income obtained through court costs, traffic citations, building permits and recreation registration fees. “We are still getting requests for building permits, but with the courts temporary closed, less traffic on the streets and rec sports suspended, that income is not coming in at the same rate,” said Parma Auditor Brian Day. “In a normal year, we can project for the year. We are still looking ahead, but it is hard to determine where we will be. This is such a moving target.” Mastroianni noted that the city will know much more at the end of July when more people file their city income taxes. Federal, state and city 2019 income tax deadlines were extended to July 15, 2020.
More than two dozen emergency vehicles from eight different fire departments quietly pulled into the lot at University Hospitals Parma Medical Center on Wednesday evening, April 22. They weren't there to drop off patients. Instead, they arrived to show their love and support of UH health care workers. The Western Reserve Fire Museum and Education Center approached the Parma Fire Department with the idea a week earlier. The two organized the event and invited local media. The participation was larger than Parma Fire Chief Mike Lasky anticipated. Firefighters from Parma Heights, Broadview Heights, Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, Seven Hills, North Royalton and Independence joined Parma firefighters in the noisy celebration. Mission BBQ, which regularly honors veterans, police officers and firefighters, added health care workers to its list of local heroes and sent two trucks.
O From Cleveland Rape Crises Center (CRCC)….Telehealth Services are now available to include counseling, victim assistance & Project STAR (Sex Trafficking Advocacy & Recovery) services. Chat online at https://clevelandrapecrisis.org ; Hotlines continue to be monitored 24/7….Project STAR: 885.431.STAR (7827); Crisis & Support: Call or text 216.619.6192 or 440.423.2020.
O The Center for Community Solutions…. has compiled information about things like how have benefits changed, how to get food assistance, unemployment benefits & also how to give back to our local foodbank during this crisis. Check it out here: https://tinyurl.com/CCS-Covid
O From Islamic Center of Cleveland (6055 W. 130th St., Parma)….Has reinstituted its fresh produce food pantry for low income families. It takes place the 1st Saturday of each month from 10:30 am to 12:30 pm. Please bring ID & your own bags. No admittance to property before 10:30.
O Local Hospital Systems Coronavirus web sites & phone numbers:
>> University Hospitals…. https://www.uhhospitals.org/services/coronavirus; Ph: 440-703-8121.
>> Parma Medical Center…. https://www.uhhospitals.org/locations/uh-parma-medical-center Ph: 440.743.3000
>> Cleveland Clinic…. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/landing/preparing-for-coronavirus; Ph:855.697.3750.
>> MetroHealth…. https://www.metrohealth.org/infectious-disease/covid-19; Ph:440-59-COVID (440-592-6843).
One positive result of the COVID-19 pandemic is the fact that I get to spend a lot more time with the people I care about most – my wife, Deena, and my children, Colleen and Patrick. Colleen is about to graduate from the University of Akron in hopes of becoming a high school English teacher. So, I invited her to collaborate with me on this month’s column. We decided to write about things to do in Parma during pandemic. Colleen’s suggestions center around what to do inside the house, while my focus is getting outside, as you will see below.
I recently read an article in April 21st The Nonprofit Times that really caught my attention. Covid-19 has had a devastating economic impact on America’s arts sector. Thousands of arts organizations across the country are reporting a $4.5 billion loss to date to their bottom line with an impact of $10.7 billion to our economy. Additionally, 94% have had to cancel their events. This data was culled from a Covid-19 Impact Survey by Americans For The Arts.
Parma Councilwoman Debbie Lime, Ward 2, Polish Village, was one of six, honored by the Polonia Foundation of Ohio, Knights and Grand Ladies, on Sunday, March 8, 2020 at a banquet held at Holy Spirit Party Center in Parma. She was awarded for her accomplishments to promote Polish culture and ideals through her commitment to support the Polish Constitution Day Parade and After Party, which takes place in Polish Village Parma annually in May. Also honored for their accomplishments were, Andrew Bajda, Jacqueline Jaros, Agnieszka Kotlarsic, Cara Florence Milcinovic, and Fr. Robert Ramser.
Only flush the “3 Ps!” – pee, poop and (toilet) paper
Let me begin by saying that I am praying for your safety and health as our world is turned upside down due to COVID-19. Like you, I use reading as an escape from the world’s problems. This month, after a long hiatus, I return to my series on Parma’s places of worship. Weeks ago I visited Father Ray Sutter at St. Matthias Roman Catholic Church at 1200 West Sprague Road, located literally on Parma’s far southeast corner. In fact, I owe him a big apology for not writing this sooner, but other stories got ahead of me.
O From the “Cleveland Rape Crises Center”: Sexual violence doesn’t stop during times of crisis, and the most vulnerable among us are facing even greater challenges to meet their needs. The Center’s offices will remain closed until further notice, but staff members are working remotely and continuing to provide critical services during this time:
>> for assistance and/or to make an appointment for any service, contact the hotline 24/7: Call or Text (216) 619-6192 or (440) 423-2020, or chat online at www.clevelandrapecrisis.org/chat.
>> go here https://tinyurl.com/CRCC-Counseling for remote counseling via video conference or phone.
>> go here https://tinyurl.com/CRCC-VicAsst to display services for survivors as they report to law enforcement, or consider legal options, are available to survivors by phone.
O From“Futures Without Violence”….has developed an extensive resource page for DV survivors, their communities, and for domestic and sexual violence advocacy providers/programs. Check it out here https://tinyurl.com/FWOV-CrisisInfo and share those that you find helpful with your networks.
O From the Literacy Cooperative-Imagination Library….Remember that any child from birth to 4 1/2 years of age, living in Cuyahoga County can now receive, completely free, a brand new, age appropriate book, mailed directly to them each month. Enroll that child on-line by going here: https://ohioimaginationlibrary.org/ . If you have any questions or concerns regarding a child’s registration status, you can contact our local affiliate, Joan Spoerl, Coordinator at 216.577.7585 or email at email@example.com.
O Free Educational Web Sites for Kids….Doing a "Search" on that phrase generates a number of “hits”. You can try this one as an example: https://www.verywellfamily.com/best-free-educational-websites-for-kids-3129084
O From NORA (Northern Ohio Recovery Resources)….If you’re working or know of someone dealing with addiction issues visit http://norainc.org/ to learn more about the broad & expanded range of services they now offer.
O From ASPIRE Greater Cleveland (www.aspiregreatercleveland.org) : Has announced that all classes & orientations have been cancelled through April 3rd. Visit their FB page for any updates to this revised schedule.
O From TEAM NEO….This is a hard time for many who have suddenly been laid off or will be soon. Multiple area businesses are still open and hiring now, i.e.: Amazon, Giant Eagle, Heinen’s, Marc’s, Discount Drug Mart, GOJO, Parisco, Other essential retail, Healthcare. Visit these job resource sites prepared by the Greater Cleveland Partnership INGEAR (https://tinyurl.com/GCPJobs) & Cleveland 19 Job Alert (https://tinyurl.com/CLE19JobAlert).
Parma Area Art Council, Inc., has suspended all art classes until further notice. Check the web page, www.parmafinearts.org for updates or follow on Facebook.
The 2020 portion of this school year has begun on an extremely positive note as the Ohio Department of Education (ODE) recently informed us that we no longer require their oversight and are now released from Fiscal Caution status. We must continue to be very diligent in reinforcing the importance of fiscal responsibility throughout our district, but we are also excited that ODE has a renewed sense of confidence in our ability to manage our finances.
Parma Symphony Orchestra will perform a Classical Music Concert on Sunday, March 8 at 3:00 PM at Valley Forge High School Auditorium located at 9999 Independence Boulevard in Parma Heights performing: Massenet’s - Le Cid Ballet Suite, Chabrier’s – Espana and Tschaikovsky - Symphony No. 4
The 2nd Annual International Taste of Polish Village will be held on Saturday, March 7, 2020, at St. Charles Parish Hall Basement, from 5:00 to 7:00 PM, located at 5891 Ridge Road. This event is a fundraiser brought to you by Polish Village Parma, a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization. Proceeds from this event are used to fund events and projects held in the Polish Village community, such as the Polish Constitution Day Parade and After Party held in May, and the annual Treat & Greet in October, or the beautiful flowers in the pots in Polish Village, Christmas wreaths at various locations, and the maintenance of the Pocket Park on Ridge Road.
O The Parma Heights PACT (Police & Community Together) Youth Group:
>> The group continues to meet every other Tuesday from 6 – to 7:30 pm at Cassidy Theater, alternating between a group activity and discussion meeting agenda.
>> All area students ages 12 -17 are welcome to join. For announcements & detailed information visit the PACT Facebook page at: www.facebook.com/parmaheights.police; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; ph: 440.884.1235.
O From OCALI (Ohio Center for Autism and Low Incidence) & PAVE (Partnership for Action, Voices for Empowerment)….Families with disability concerns take extra care when planning for emergencies. Go here https://tinyurl.com/DisasterPrepHelp for links links to the Red Cross disaster preparedness for families w/disabilities page, another from FEMA, and a very specific planning tool kit from Virginia Commonwealth University.
O From the Literacy Cooperative-Imagination Library….Children from birth to 5 years of age, living in Cuyahoga County can now receive a brand new, age appropriate book, mailed directly to them each month. Funded by sponsors, organizations & individual donors the program is designed to instill a love of books & to facilitate/encourage family reading from an early age. Go here to register your child, learn more and/or to donate: https://www.literacycooperative.org/imagination-library/
I have had many residents in recent weeks ask me questions about the presidential election process. Therefore, I have been moved to explain the basics in how we select the president of the United States in this month’s column. The first major step in the presidential election process is the one in which we are currently in the midst: primary elections and caucuses. When we vote in the primaries and caucuses throughout the nation, we are actually voting for delegates who are pledged for the candidate we choose. If a candidate receives a certain percentage of the popular vote in a state, they win delegates who will attend the party’s national nominating convention in the summer.
Teddy Bears And The Worlds' Largest Double Deck Gun Range Joined Forces To Send A Valentine To Parma Police K9 Heroes
February 25, 2020 – Parma, OH -- Parma Armory Shooting Center showed its love and respect for all law enforcement officers over the Valentine’s Day weekend, by hosting over 100 participants in their Target-a-Teddy fun event. Benefactors, who purchased the Teddy Bears onsite, found them to be an interesting alternative to shooting at typical paper targets. On February 25, 2020, $1095 raised at this event was donated to the Parma Police Department K9 Unit, which has a crucial role in the safety of the entire Parma community. The money will be used to help support and enhance the quality of life for our four-legged police officers. Target- a-Teddy is only one example of ways Parma Armory Shooting Center has contributed to the welfare of our city. As a life-long resident of Parma, and a former Auxiliary for the Parma Police Department, my goal is to give back to the community that gave me so much in my youth. That includes providing a recreational facility stressing gun safety education for CCW carriers and home defense gun owners; ‘demystification’ gun training for non-shooters who need not fire a shot to turn their gun-fear into knowledge of what guns themselves can and cannot do, and how Parma residents can, as parents and grandparents, make children safer around guns they might encounter anywhere.